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India Eco Development Project
CONCEPT AND OBJECTIVES COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURE POSITIVE IMPACTS CASE STUDIES

The Concept
In Indian context, the exclusivity of Protected Areas (PA), as envisaged in the developed countries is not possible, due to human dominated landscapes in and around them. The population is largely rural that draw on the resources of the PA for subsistence. A participatory management strategy of protected areas, Eco-development aims at conserving the bio-diversity by addressing both the impact of local people on the protected areas and the impact of the protected areas on local people. In response to the changed paradigm of partnership, Ecodevelopment Committees (EDCs) emerged around many PAs.

Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Kerala is one among the seven PAs in India selected for the implementation of IEP. In accordance with the tripartite agreement signed between the external donor agencies (World Bank & IDA), Government of India (GOI) and Government of Kerala (GOK), Eco-development Committees were constituted.

Goal
The goal of the project is conservation of bio-diversity through people's participation.

Objectives

  • To improve capacity of PA management to conserve bio-diversity and increase opportunity for local participation in PA management.
  • To reduce negative impact of local people on biodiversity, reduce negative impact of PA on local people, and increase collaboration of local people in conservation efforts.
  • To develop more effective and extensive support for community development activities.
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Staff Eco Developmet Committee, Periyar Tiger Reserve
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