|India Eco Development Project
In Indian context, the exclusivity of Protected Areas (PA), as envisaged
in the developed countries is not possible, due to human dominated
landscapes in and around them. The population is largely rural that
draw on the resources of the PA for subsistence. A participatory
management strategy of protected areas, Eco-development aims at
conserving the bio-diversity by addressing both the impact of local
people on the protected areas and the impact of the protected areas
on local people. In response to the changed paradigm of partnership,
Ecodevelopment Committees (EDCs) emerged around many PAs.
Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Kerala is one among
the seven PAs in India selected for the implementation of IEP. In
accordance with the tripartite agreement signed between the external
donor agencies (World Bank & IDA), Government of India (GOI)
and Government of Kerala (GOK), Eco-development Committees were
The goal of the project is conservation of bio-diversity through
- To improve capacity of PA management to conserve bio-diversity
and increase opportunity for local participation in PA management.
- To reduce negative impact of local people on biodiversity, reduce
negative impact of PA on local people, and increase collaboration
of local people in conservation efforts.
- To develop more effective and extensive support for community